Chinese Historical Landscapes

Chinese tourism resource is mainly composed of natural landscapes, historical and human landscapes and folk customs, which is distributed in different parts of China.

China is very rich in historical and human landscapes during its 5,000-year history. As the symbol of Chinese nation and the most well-known scenic spot in China, the Great Wall in Beijing was built from the Spring and Autumn Period (770 B.C.-476 B.C) to the Qing dynasty (1644-1911), boasting the hugest constructional project in Chinese civilization, and it’s titled “One of the Top 8 World Wonders” for its majestic momentum. Now over 10 sections of the Great Wall such as Badaling Section, Laolongtou Section and Jiayuguan Section are open to the public.The Summer Palace was listed among the first batch “Key Cultural Relic Units under China’s State Protection” by the State Council on 4th of March in 1961 and “the World Heritage Sites” by the UNESCO in November of 1998.

Grottoes, rock paintings and sculptures are also treasures of Chinese tourist resources, and the grottoes are mainly concentrated along the ancient Silk Road, of which the most famous one is Mogao Grottoes, boasting “the Oriental Art Treasure House” by the later generations for 492 grottoes scattering along the cliffs and over 2,100 painted sculptures. The Grotto Art of South China is represented by the Giant Stone Buddha at Leshan Mountain, whose body is huge but well proportioned with 71 meters tall and 28 meters wide, fully embodying the excellent ancient Chinese carving techniques.

The holy lands of religion spread all over China. As the cradle of Chinese Buddhism Zen, Shaolin Temple was built in 495 and it is famous all over the world for Shaolin Kung Fu, where a 300-square meter mural with the outlines of Five Hundred Arhats painted. As a famous Taoist land, Wudang Mountain Scenic Area is located in Hubei Province with 72 fantastic peaks, where the largest and the best-preserved Taoist architecture cluster is located. As one of the four famous Buddhist mountains in China, Emei Mountain is located in the west of Sichuan Province, where many Buddhist architectural remains are available.

Over 100 famous historical and cultural cities are available in China, some of which have a long history of more than 1,000 years. Hangzhou and Suzhou are titled “Paradises on the Earth” for their densely crisscrossed rivers and lakes and idyllic cottages, both of which are picturesque. Pingyao Ancient Town, initially built in the Ming dynasty, is located in the central part of Shanxi Province, where the remains of Yangshao Culture and Longshan Culture in the Neolithic Age are founded by arachnologists, and it fully proves that human beings had lived in this area since 5,000 years ago. As the center of Dongba Culture of Naxi ethnic group and the joint site of the Han culture, the Tibetan culture and the Bai culture, Lijiang Ancient Town (built in the Song dynasty) in Yunnan Province is very rich in human landscapes, where many Ming and Qing-era stone bridges, memorial archways and civilian residences are available, providing valuable material for researching the history of Chinese civilian architecture.